Sarcomas are cancers that develop from bones or soft tissues such as muscles, tendons, blood vessels, lymph vessels, fat, and nerves. There are more than 50 different types of soft tissue sarcomas. Sarcomas are categorized as soft tissue or bone sarcomas, depending on what part of the body they develop. Bone sarcomas develop in the bones and are mostly diagnosed in children. Soft tissue sarcomas are diagnosed in both children and adults and are commonly found in the chest, legs, arms, or abdomen.
Although researchers have not been able to determine a specific known cause, there are several risk factors that can increase a person’s risk of developing a sarcoma, such as:
• Genetic disorders
• History of radiation therapy
• Chemical exposure
• Long-term swelling
In certain cases, early signs of soft tissue sarcoma can be detected. These can include a lump or swelling absent of pain. Some sarcomas may not cause any symptoms until they grow and press on organs, muscles, or nerves. Their growth has been attributed to pain, fullness feeling, or breathing difficulties.
The most common symptoms associated with bone sarcomas are pain or swelling in the arm, leg, trunk, pelvis or back. This swelling has the potential to feel warm to the touch. A sudden limited range of motion in a joint, and effortless bone breaks are also common symptoms of bone sarcomas. Because these symptoms can also be associated with other conditions, it is critical to consult with your physician and your cancer care team. For more information click HERE.